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Relevant Documents & Materials

GHG Protocol Survey on Need for GHG Accounting Standards and Guidance Updates

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol team launched a process to examine possible updates to the corporate reporting and accounting standards. The aim of these updates will be to align with best practice approaches to ensure GHG Protocol standards are effective in providing a rigorous and credible accounting foundation for businesses to measure, plan and track progress toward science-based and net-zero targets in line with the global 1.5°C goal. GHG Protocol has released public surveys to help inform this update process with feedback from real users. 




Accounting For Impact whitepaper


This whitepaper, produced by WattTime, identifies the use of megawatt hours in emission calculations and reduction calculations as one of the main gaps within the current Greenhouse Gas Protocol. To address this gap WattTime introduces the idea of ‘impact accounting’, a method that instead would match the emissions produced by each megawatt hour used and the emissions saved by reduction projects.




Next Generation Carbon-free Electricity Procurement Activation Guide

CEBI published the Next Generation Carbon-free Electricity Procurement Activation Guide to define the updates necessary to the voluntary market system to broaden the menu of options available to customers so they can achieve their next generation objectives, optimize the decarbonization impact of decisions, and send more powerful and targeted market signals for systemic grid decarbonization. CEBI's Guide clarifies how various key market system stakeholders can respectively implement these updates and offers four principles about how to implement updates and expand customer choice in ways that both optimize decarbonization impact while maintaining entry points for new and more customers to play their part in scaling CFE deployment.



Electric Vehicle Charging Management

A report produced by the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) that focusses on how to maximize emissions reductions by smart charging electric vehicles. This report digs into six regions in the United States and offers strategies of how smart charging can further reduce carbon emissions by optimizing when an electric vehicle is charging and the speed at which it charges.


Making It Count Whitepaper

A REsurety produced whitepaper which details the benefits of moving away from average emissions rates when calculating scope 2 emissions and towards calculating hourly footprints which consider varying electrical grid conditions.




Modernizing How Electricity Buyers Account and are Recognized for Decarbonization Impact and Climate Leadership Whitepaper

A whitepaper by Green Strategies and the Northbridge Group, sponsored by Clean Air Task Force.  The paper provides revised and additional carbon disclosure proposals designed to improve accuracy and relevance, while incentivizing and rewarding electricity use and procurement decisions that better optimize decarbonization impact.




Using marginal emission rates to optimize investment in carbon dioxide displacement technologies (Electricity Journal 2021)

This paper presents a mathematical framework for organizations to account for and plan their carbon footprint accurately and efficiently, and plan renewable energy investments, using marginal emission rate data.




Approach to Quantify Net Material Emissions Impact of Renewable Energy Purchases

A Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) whitepaper regarding the quantification of a renewable energy emissions score and how that score could create demand for additional renewable energy generation. The paper details how creating a market structure that allows actors to understand their net emissions impact and anchoring the purpose of renewables in emission reductions can help drive global decarbonization.



Reimagining REC Markets

A Solsystem article around Integrating additionality and emissionality into carbon accounting standards to assist in the creation of a new carbon-free paradigm.

Media Coverage



Putting ‘Emissions First’

Meta Leads New Joint Approach to Electricity Greenhouse Gas Accounting to Accelerate Climate Action.



How we count carbon emissions from electricity matters

Amazon advocates for updating carbon accounting to measure where renewable-energy projects will have the greatest impact.

The expressed views of linked materials do not necessarily reflect those of The Emissions First Partnership.

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